**ME1202 FLUID MECHANICS AND MACHINERY 3 1 0 100**

**(Common To Mechanical, Production, Mechatronics, Automobile and Aeronautical)**

**OBJECTIVE**

• To understand the structure and the properties of the fluid.

• To understand and appreciate the complexities involved in solving the fluid flow problems.

• To understand the mathematical techniques already in vogue and apply them to the solutions of practical flow problems.

• To understand the energy exchange process in fluid mechanics handling incompressible fluids.

**1. BASIC CONCEPTS AND PROPERTIES 6**

Fluid – definition, distinction between solid and fluid - Units and dimensions - Properties of fluids - density, specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity, temperature, viscosity, compressibility, vapour pressure, capillary and surface tension - Fluid statics: concept of fluid static pressure, absolute and gauge pressures - pressure measurements by manometers and pressure gauges.

**2. FLIUD KINEMATICS AND FLUID DYNAMICS 12**

Fluid Kinematics - Flow visualization - lines of flow - types of flow - velocity field and acceleration - continuity equation (one and three dimensional differential forms)- Equation of streamline - stream function - velocity potential function - circulation - flow net – fluid dynamics - equations of motion - Euler's equation along a streamline - Bernoulli's equation – applications - Venturi meter, Orifice meter, Pitot tube - dimensional analysis - Buckingham's theorem- applications - similarity laws and models.

**3. INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUID FLOW 12**

Viscous flow - Navier - Stoke's equation (Statement only) - Shear stress, pressure gradient relationship - laminar flow between parallel plates - Laminar flow through circular tubes (Hagen poiseulle's) - Hydraulic and energy gradient - flow through pipes - Darcy -weisback's equation - pipe roughness -friction factor- Moody's diagram-minor losses - flow through pipes in series and in parallel - power transmission - Boundary layer flows, boundary layer thickness, boundary layer separation - drag and lift coefficients.

**4. HYDRAULIC TURBINES 8**

Fluid machines: definition and classification - exchange of energy - Euler's equation for turbo machines - Construction of velocity vector diagram's - head and specific work - components of energy transfer - degree of reaction.

Hydro turbines: definition and classifications - Pelton turbine - Francis turbine - propeller turbine - Kaplan turbine - working principles - velocity triangles - work done - specific speed - efficiencies -performance curve for turbines.

**5. HYDRAULIC PUMPS 7**

Pumps: definition and classifications - Centrifugal pump: classifications, working principles, velocity triangles, specific speed, efficiency and performance curves - Reciprocating pump: classification, working principles, indicator diagram, work saved by air vessels and performance curves - cavitations in pumps - rotary pumps: working principles of gear and vane pumps

**TUTORIALS 15**

**TOTAL : 60**

**TEXT BOOKS**

1. Streeter, V.L., and Wylie, E.B., “Fluid Mechanics”, McGraw-Hill, 1983.

2. Kumar, K.L., “Engineering Fluid Mechanics”, Eurasia Publishing House (P) Ltd., New Delhi (7th edition), 1995.

3. Vasandani, V.P., “Hydraulic Machines - Theory and Design”, Khanna Publishers, 1992.

**REFERENCES**

1. Bansal, R.K., “Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics Machines”, (5th edition), Laxmi publications (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 1995.

2. White, F.M., “Fluid Mechanics”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 5th Edition, New Delhi, 2003.

3. Ramamirtham, S., “Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics and Fluid Machines”, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, Delhi, 1998.

4. Som, S.K., and Biswas, G., “Introduction to fluid mechanics and fluid machines”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2nd edition, 2004.

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