EI1002 Power Plant Instrumentation Syllabus

EI 1002 POWER PLANT INSTRUMENTATION 3 0 0 100

AIM
The course is designed to familiarize the student with the functions and instrumentation available in a modern power generation plant.

OBJECTIVES
i. To provide an overview of different methods of power generation with a particular stress on thermal power generation.
ii. To bring out the various measurements involved in power generation plants.
iii. To provide knowledge about the different types of devices used for analysis.
iv. To inpart knowledge about the different types of controls and
control loops.
v. To familiarize the student with the methods of monitoring different parameters like speed, vibration of turbines and their control.

1. OVERVIEW OF POWER GENERATION 9
Brief survey of methods of power generation – Hydro, thermal, nuclear, solar and wind power – Importance of instrumentation in power generation – Thermal power plants – Block diagram – Details of boiler processes - UP&I diagram of boiler – Cogeneration.

2. MEASUREMENTS IN POWER PLANTS 9
Electrical measurements – Current, voltage, power, frequency, power factor etc. – Non electrical parameters – Flow of feed water, fuel, air and steam with correction factor for temperature – Steam pressure and steam temperature – Drum level measurement – Radiation detector – Smoke density measurement – Dust monitor.

3. ANALYSERS IN POWER PLANTS 9
Flue gas oxygen analyser – Analysis of impurities in feed water and steam – Dissolved oxygen analyser – Chromatography – pH meter – Fuel analyser – Pollution monitoring instruments.

4. CONTROL LOOPS IN BOILER 9
Combustion control – Air/fuel ratio control – Furnace draft control – Drum level control – Main steam and reheat steam temperature control – Super heater control – Air temperature – Deaerator control – Distributed control system in power plants – Interlocks in boiler operation.

5. TURBINE – MONITORING AND CONTROL 9
Speed, vibration, shell temperature monitoring and control – Steam pressure control – Lubricant oil temperature control – Cooling system.

L = 45 Total = 45

TEXT BOOKS
1. Sam G. Dukelow, ‘The Control of Boilers’, Instrument Society of America, 1991.
2. P.K. Nag, ‘Power Plant Engineering’, Tata McGraw Hill, 2001.

REFERENCE BOOKS
1. S.M. Elonka and A.L. Kohal, ‘Standard Boiler Operations’, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi,1994.
2. R.K.Jain, ‘Mechanical and Industrial Measurements’, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 1995.
3. E.Al. Wakil, ‘Power Plant Engineering’, Tata McGraw Hill, 1984.
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