EC1371 Digital Image Processing Syllabus

EC1371 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING 3 0 0 100

AIM
To introduce the student to various image processing techniques.

OBJECTIVES
• To study the image fundamentals and mathematical transforms necessary for image processing.
• To study the image enhancement techniques
• To study image restoration procedures.
• To study the image compression procedures.
• To study the image segmentation and representation techniques.

UNIT I DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS AND TRANSFORMS 9
Elements of visual perception – Image sampling and quantization Basic relationship between pixels – Basic geometric transformations-Introduction to Fourier Transform and DFT – Properties of 2D Fourier Transform – FFT – Separable Image Transforms -Walsh – Hadamard – Discrete Cosine Transform, Haar, Slant – Karhunen – Loeve transforms.

UNIT II IMAGE ENHANCEMENT TECHNIQUES: 9
Spatial Domain methods: Basic grey level transformation – Histogram equalization – Image subtraction – Image averaging –Spatial filtering: Smoothing, sharpening filters – Laplacian filters – Frequency domain filters : Smoothing – Sharpening filters – Homomorphic filtering.

UNIT III IMAGE RESTORATION: 9
Model of Image Degradation/restoration process – Noise models – Inverse filtering -Least mean square filtering – Constrained least mean square filtering – Blind image restoration – Pseudo inverse – Singular value decomposition.

UNIT IV IMAGE COMPRESSION 9
Lossless compression: Variable length coding – LZW coding – Bit plane coding- predictive coding-DPCM.
Lossy Compression: Transform coding – Wavelet coding – Basics of Image compression standards: JPEG, MPEG,Basics of Vector quantization.

UNIT V IMAGE SEGMENTATION AND REPRESENTATION 9
Edge detection – Thresholding - Region Based segmentation – Boundary representation: chair codes- Polygonal approximation – Boundary segments – boundary descriptors: Simple descriptors-Fourier descriptors - Regional descriptors –Simple descriptors- Texture

TOTAL : 45

TEXT BOOKS
1. Rafael C Gonzalez, Richard E Woods 2nd Edition, Digital Image Processing - Pearson Education 2003.

REFERENCES
1. William K Pratt, Digital Image Processing John Willey (2001)
2. Image Processing Analysis and Machine Vision – Millman Sonka, Vaclav hlavac, Roger Boyle, Broos/colic, Thompson Learniy (1999).
3. A.K. Jain, PHI, New Delhi (1995)-Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing.
4. Chanda Dutta Magundar – Digital Image Processing and Applications, Prentice Hall of India, 2000.
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