BM1352 Diagnostic and Therapeutic Equipments - 1 Syllabus

BM1352 DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC EQUIPMENTS – I   3 0 1 100

AIM
• To study the techniques of analysing cardiac, neural and skeletal muscular system by analysing biopotential recorded from the corresponding organs.
• To study the lung volume measuring techniques.
• To study in detail the units that can be used in the case of disfunction in the above mentioned organs.

OBJECTIVES
• To study the genesis and
variation in ECG waveform.
• To understand functioning and uses of pacemaker and defibrillators.
• To study genesis and recording of EEG signals.
• To identify the epileptic discharges.
• To understand structure, method of muscle contraction, generation of EMG signals.
• To study the functioning of muscle and nerve stimulators.
• To clearly understand functioning and utilities of heart lung machine and respirators.

1. CARDIAC SYSTEM 9
ECG, sources of ECG, normal and abnormal waveform, diagnosis interpretation, cardiac pacemaker-external pacemaker, implantable pacemaker, different types of pacemakers, fibrillation, defibrillator, AC defibrillator, DC defibrillator, electrodes, synchronised and unsynchronised types.

2. NEUROLOGICAL SYSTEM 9
EEG, genesis, lead system, wave characteristics, frequency bands, spontaneous and evoked response, diagnostic interpretation, epileptic discharges.

3. SKELETAL MUSCULAR SYSTEM 9
Structure of muscles, sliding theory of contraction, stimulation of muscles, muscle potential generation, recording and analysis of EMG waveforms, muscle and nerve stimulation, fatigue characteristics.

4. HEART-LUNG MACHINE. 9
Need for the unit, functioning of bubble, disc type and membrane type oxygenerators, finger pump, roller pump, electronic monitoring of functional parameter.


5. RESPIRATORY MEASUREMENT AND VENTILATOR 9
Spiro meter, Respiratory volume measurement, pnemograph, artificial respirator – IPR type, functioning.


TUTORIAL 15
TOTAL : 60

TEXT BOOK
1. Joseph J.carr and John M. Brown, “introduction to Biomedical equipment technology”, John Wiley and sons, New York, 1997.

REFERENCES
1. John G. Webster, “Medical Instrumentation Application and Design”, John Wiley and sons, New York, 1998.
2. Khandpur R.S, “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1997.
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