BM1351 Radiological Equipments Syllabus

BM1351 RADIOLOGICAL EQUIPMENTS 3 0 1 100

AIM
• To get the clear understanding of X-ray generation and radio isotopes and various techniques used for visualising organs in detail.
• To understand the need for radiation protection and method of monitoring the radiation level.

OBJECTIVES
• To study the functioning of X-ray tubes and scattered radiation and method by which fogginess can be reduced.
• To study the different types radiodiagnostic unit.
• To know the techniques to visualise opaque, transparent organs.
• To study the special techniques adopted to visualise different sections of any organ.
• To study the principles and applications of radio isotopes for diagnosis.
• To understand the need for radiation protection and various monitoring and protection techniques used in radiological equipment.

1. X-RAYS 10
Principles and production of soft and hard X-rays, selection of anodes, Heel Pattern. Scattered radiation, Porter Bucky system, Cooling system.

2. RADIO DIAGNOSIS: 9
Radiography, Angiography, Fluoroscopy, Image Intensifier, Multi section radiography.

3. SPECIAL RADIOLOGICAL EQUIPMENTS 10
Principle, Plane of Movement, Multi section Radiography, CAT. Principle of NMR, MRI

4. APPLICATION OF RADIOISOTOPES 10
Alpha, Beta and Gamma emission, Principle of radiation detectors, dot scanners, Nuclear angiogram, Principles of Radiation therapy.

5. RADIATION SAFETY 6
Hazardous effect of Radiation, Radiation protection Techniques, Safety Limits, Radiation Monitoring.

TUTORIAL 15
TOTAL : 60

TEXT BOOKS
1. R.S.Khandpur, “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, 1997. (Unit I - IV).
2. Steve Webb, “The Physics of Medical Imaging “, Adam Hilger Philadelphia 1988. (Unit V)

REFERENCES
1. William R.Hendee, E.Russel Ritenour,” Medical Imaging Physics”, Third Edition, Mosby Year Book, St. Louis, 1992.
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