BM1001 Bio Mechanics Syllabus

BM1001 BIO-MECHANICS 3 0 0 100

AIM
To understand mechanics involved in functioning of cardiac, respiratory and orthopaedic systems as well as at soft tissue level.

OBJECTIVES
• To study the mechanics involved in the blood flow to various vessels and valves.
• To study the breathing mechanism, airway resistance and lung diseases.
• To study the elasticity, properties of skin, ligaments and
tendons.
• To study mechanical properties of bones, joints and cartilages.

UNIT I BIOFLUID MECHANICS 9
Newtons laws, stress, strain elasticity, Hookes-law, viscosity, Newtonian fluid, Non-Newtonian fluid, Viscoelastic fluids, Vascular tree. Relationship between diameter, velocity and pressure of blood flow, resistance against flow.

UNIT II CARDIAC MECHANICS 9
Cardio vascular system, Mechanical properties of blood vessels – arteries, arterioles, capillaries, veins, blood flow: laminar and turbulent, physics of cardio vascular diseases, prosthetic heart valves and replacement.

UNIT III RESPIRATORY MECHANICS 9
Alveoli mechanics, interaction of blood and lung, P-V curve of lung, breathing mechanism, airway resistance, physics of lung diseases.


UNIT IV SOFT TISSUE MECHANICS 9
Pseudo elasticity, nonlinear stress-strain relationship, viscoelasticity, structure, function and mechanical properties of skin, ligaments and tendons.

UNIT V ORTHOPAEDIC MECHANICS 9
Mechanical properties of cartilage, diffusion properties of articular cartilage, mechanical properties of bone, kinetics and kinematics of joints, lubrication of joints analysis of force in orthopaedic implants.

TOTAL : 45

REFERENCES
1. Y.C.Fung, “Biomechanics: Mechanical properties of living tissues”, Springer, verlag, New York, 1981.
2. D.Dawson & Right, ”Introduction to bio-mechanics of joints and joint replacement”, Mechanical Engineering Publication Ltd, 1989.
3. Jacob cline, “Handbook of biomedical engineering”, Academic press Inc., Sandiego, 1988.
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