AT1353 Automotive Pollution and Control Syllabus

AT1353 AUTOMOTIVE POLLUTION AND CONTROL 3 0 0 100

OBJECTIVES
To make the students to realize the impact of automobile emissions on the environment and expose student to factors affecting the formation and control of automobile pollutants.

UNIT – I INTRODUCTION 9
Vehicle population assessment in metropolitan cities and contribution to pollution, effects on human health and environment, global warming, types of emission, transient operational
effects on pollution.

UNIT – II POLLUTANT FORMATION IN SI ENGINES 9
Pollutant formation in SI Engines, mechanism of HC and CO formation in four stroke and two stroke SI engines, NOx formation in SI engines, effects of design and operating variables on emission formation, control of evaporative emission. Two stroke engine pollution.


UNIT – III POLLUTANT FORMATION IN CI ENGINES 9
Pollutant formation in CI engines, smoke and particulate emissions in CI engines, effects of design and operating variables on CI engine emissions. Nox formation and control. Noise pollution from automobiles, measurement and standards.

UNIT – IV CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM SI AND CI ENGINES 9
Design of engine, optimum selection of operating variables for control of emissions, EGR, Thermal reactors, secondary air injection, catalytic converters, catalysts, fuel modifications, fuel cells, Two stroke engine pollution control.

UNIT – V MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES EMISSION STANDARDS AND TEST PROCEDURE 9
NDIR, FID, Chemiluminescent analyzers, Gas Chromatograph, smoke meters, emission standards, driving cycles – USA, Japan, Euro and India. Test procedures – ECE, FTP Tests. SHED Test – chassis dynamometers, dilution tunnels.

TOTAL : 45

TEXT BOOKS
1. Paul Degobert – Automobiles and Pollution – SAE International ISBN-1-56091-563-3, 1991.
2. Ganesan, V- “Internal Combustion Engines”- Tata McGraw-Hill Co.- 2003.

REFERENCES
1. SAE Transactions- “Vehicle Emission”- 1982 (3 volumes).
2. Obert.E.F.- “Internal Combustion Engines”- 1988
3. Marco Nute- “ Emissions from two stroke engines, SAE Publication – 1998.
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