# CE1253 Applied Hydraulic Engineering Syllabus

CE1253 APPLIED HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING 3 1 0 100

OBJECTIVE
Student is introduced to open channel flow characteristics including hydraulic jump and surges. Hydraulic machines viz flow through turbines and pumps including their performance characteristics and design aspects are taught. Student, at the end of the semester will have the abilities to analyse flow characteristics in open channel and design hydraulic machines.

1. OPEN CHANNEL FLOW 8
Open channel flow – Types and regimes of flow – Velocity distribution in open channel – Wide open channel – Specific energy – Critical flow and its computation.

2. UNIFORM FLOW 8
Uniform flow – Velocity measurement – Manning’s and Chezy’s formula – Determination of roughness coefficients – Determination of normal depth and velocity – Most economical sections – Non-erodible channels

3. VARIED FLOW 8
Dynamic equations of gradually varied flow – Assumptions – Characteristics of flow profiles – Draw down and back water curves – Profile determination – Graphical integration, direct step and standard step method – Flow through transitions

4. HYDRAULIC JUMPS 6
Hydraulic jump – Types – Energy dissipation – Surges – Surge channel transitions
5. PUMPS AND TURBINES 15
Application of momentum principle – Impact of jets on plane and curved plates - turbines - classification - radial flow turbines - axial flow turbines – Impulse and Reaction turbines - draft tube and cavitations - performance of turbines - similarity laws - centrifugal pump - minimum speed to start the pump – multistage Pumps – Jet and submersible pumps - Positive displacement pumps - reciprocating pump - negative slip - flow separation conditions - air vessels -indicator diagram and its variation - savings in work done - rotary pumps.

TUTORIAL 15
TOTAL : 60

TEXT BOOKS
1. Subramanya K., "Flow in Open channels", Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, 1994.
2. Kumar K.L., "Engineering Fluid Mechanics", Eurasia Publishing House (P) Ltd., New Delhi, (7th Edition), 1995.
3. Jain A.K., "Fluid Mechanics (including Hydraulic Machines)", Khanna Publishers, 8th edition, 1995.
4. Ranga Raju, K.G., “Flow through Open Channels”, Tata McGraw-Hill.

REFERENCES
1. Ven Te Chow, “Open-Channel Hydraulics”, McGraw-H: Q Book company, 1996.
2. Ramamirtham S., “Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Fluid Machines”, Dhanpat Rai & Sons, Delhi, 1998.
3. John A. Roberson, “Hydraulic Engineering”, Jaico Publishing House, 1998.
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