EC1402 Optical Communication Syllabus

EC1402        OPTICAL COMMUNICATION                            3  0  0  100

AIMS
•    To introduce the various optical fiber modes, configurations and various signal degradation factors associated with optical fiber.
•    To study about various optical sources and optical detectors and their use in the optical communication system. Finally to discuss about digital transmission and its associated parameters on system performance.

OBJECTIVES
•    To learn the basic elements of optical fiber transmission link, fiber modes configurations and structures.
•    To understand the different kind of losses, signal distortion in optical wave guides and other signal degradation factors. Design optimization of SM fibers, RI profile and cut-off wave length.
•    To learn the various optical source materials, LED structures, quantum efficiency, Laser diodes and different fiber amplifiers.
•    To learn the fiber optical receivers such as PIN APD diodes, noise performance in photo detector, receiver operation and configuration.
•    To learn fiber slicing and connectors, noise effects on system performance, operational principles WDM and solutions.


UNIT I         INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL FIBERS                9
Evolution of fiber optic system- Element of an Optical Fiber Transmission link- Ray Optics-Optical Fiber Modes and Configurations –Mode theory of Circular Wave guides-
Overview of Modes-Key Modal concepts- Linearly Polarized Modes –Single Mode Fibers-Graded Index fiber structure.

UNIT II        SIGNAL DEGRADATION OPTICAL FIBERS                9
Attenuation – Absorption losses, Scattering losses, Bending Losses, Core and Cladding losses, Signal Distortion in Optical Wave guides-Information Capacity determination –Group Delay-Material Dispersion, Wave guide Dispersion, Signal distortion in SM fibers-Polarization Mode dispersion, Intermodal dispersion, Pulse Broadening in GI fibers-Mode Coupling –Design Optimization of SM fibers-RI profile and cut-off wavelength.

UNIT III    FIBER OPTICAL SOURCES AND COUPLING                9
Direct and indirect Band gap materials-LED structures –Light source materials –Quantum efficiency and LED power, Modulation of a LED, lasers Diodes-Modes and Threshold condition –Rate equations –External Quantum efficiency –Resonant frequencies –Laser Diodes, Temperature effects, Introduction to Quantum laser, Fiber amplifiers- Power Launching and coupling, Lencing schemes, Fibre –to- Fibre joints, Fibre splicing.

UNIT IV    FIBER OPTICAL RECEIVERS                        9
PIN and APD diodes –Photo detector noise, SNR, Detector Response time, Avalanche Multiplication Noise –Comparison of Photo detectors –Fundamental Receiver Operation – preamplifiers, Error Sources –Receiver Configuration –Probability of Error – Quantum Limit.

UNIT V        DIGITAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEM                    9   
Point-to-Point links System considerations –Link Power budget –Rise - time budget –Noise Effects on System Performance-Operational Principles of WDM, Solitons-Erbium-doped Amplifiers. Basic on concepts of SONET/SDH Network. .

                                                                                                 TOTAL : 45
TEXT BOOK
1.    Gerd Keiser, “Optical Fiber Communication” McGraw–Hill International, Singapore, 3rd ed., 2000

REFERENCES
1.    J.Senior, “Optical Communication, Principles and Practice”, Prentice Hall of India, 1994.
2.    J.Gower, “Optical Communication System”, Prentice Hall of India, 2001.

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