EC1015 Satellite Communication Syllabus

EC1015        SATELLITE COMMUNICATION                3  0  0  100

AIM
To enable the student to become familiar with satellites and satellite services.

OBJECTIVES
•    Overview of satellite systems in relation  to other terrestrial systems.
•    Study of satellite orbits and launching.
•    Study of earth segment and space segment components
•    Study of satellite access by various users.
•    Study of DTH and compression standards.

UNIT I    OVERVIEW OF SATELLITE SYSTEMS, ORBITS AND LAUNCHING METHODS                                 9
Introduction – Frequency Allocations for Satellite Services – Intelsat – U.S.Domsats – Polar Orbiting Satellites – Problems – Kepler’s First Law – Kepler’s Second Law – Kepler’s Third Law – Definitions of Terms for Earth-orbiting Satellites – Orbital Elements – Apogee and Perigee Heights – Orbital Perturbations – Effects of a Nonspherical Earth – Atmospheric Drag – Inclined Orbits – Calendars – Universal Time – Julian Dates – Sidereal Time – The Orbital Plane – The Geocentric-Equatorial Coordinate System – Earth Station Referred to the IJK Frame – The Topcentric-Horizon Co-ordinate System – The Sub-satellite Point – Predicting Satellite Position.

UNIT II     GEOSTATIONARY ORBIT & SPACE SEGMENT                       9
Introduction – Antenna Look Angels – The Polar Mount Antenna –
Limits of Visibility – Near Geostationary Orbits – Earth Eclipse of Satellite – Sun Transit Outage – Launching Orbits – Problems – Power Supply – Attitude Control – Spinning Satellite Stabilization – Momentum Wheel Stabilization – Station Keeping – Thermal Control – TT&C Subsystem – Transponders – Wideband Receiver – Input Demultiplexer – Power Amplifier – Antenna Subsystem – Morelos – Anik-E – Advanced Tiros-N Spacecraft

UNIT III     EARTH SEGMENT & SPACE LINK                              9
Introduction – Receive-Only Home TV Systems – Outdoor Unit – Indoor Unit for Analog (FM) TV – Master Antenna TV System – Community Antenna TV System – Transmit-Receive Earth Stations – Problems – Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power – Transmission Losses – Free-Space Transmission – Feeder Losses – Antenna Misalignment Losses – Fixed Atmospheric and Ionospheric Losses – Link Power Budget Equation – System Noise – Antenna Noise – Amplifier Noise Temperature – Amplifiers in Cascade – Noise Factor – Noise Temperature of Absorptive Networks – Overall System Noise Temperature – Carrier-to-Noise Ratio – Uplink – Saturation Flux Density – Input Back Off – The Earth Station HPA – Downlink – Output Back off – Satellite TWTA Output – Effects of Rain – Uplink rain-fade margin – Downlink rain-fade margin – Combined  Uplink and Downlink C/N Ratio – Intermodulation Noise.
   
UNIT IV    SATELLITE ACCESS                            9
Single Access – Preassigned FDMA, Demand-Assigned FDMA, SPADE System.  Bandwidth-limited a Power-limited TWT amplifier operation, FDMA downlink analysis.
TDMA : Reference Burst; Preamble and Postamble, Carrier recovery, Network synchronization, unique word detection, Traffic Date, Frame Efficiency and Channel capacity, preassigned TDMA, Demand assigned TDMA, Speech Interpolation and Prediction, Downlink analysis for Digital transmission.
Companion of uplink Power requirements for FDMA & TDMA.  On-board signal Processing for TDMA / FDMA operation, Satellite switched TDMA.

Code-Division Multiple Access – Direct-Sequence spread spectrum – code signal c(t) – autocorrelation function for c(t) – Acquisition and trackling – Spectrum spreading and dispreading – CDMA throughput – Problems – Network Layers – TCP Link – Satellite Links and TCP – Enhancing TCP Over Satellite Channels Using Standard Mechanisms (RFC-2488) – Requests for comments – Split TCP connections – Asymmetric Channels – Proposed Systems.

UNIT V     DIRECT BROADCAST SATELLITE SERVICES                         9
Introduction – Orbital Spacings – Power Rating and Number of Transponders – Frequencies and Polarization – Transponder Capacity – Bit Rates for Digital Television – MPEG Compression Standards – Forward Error Correction – Home Receiver Outdoor Unit (ODU) – Home Receiver Indoor Unit (IDU) – Downlink Analysis – Uplink -Problems  - Satellite Mobile Services – VSATs – Radarsat – Global Positioning Satellite System – Orbcomm.

                                    TOTAL : 45
TEXT BOOK
1.    Dennis Roddy, Satellite Communications, McGraw-Hill Publication Third edition 2001

REFERENCES 
1.    Timothy Pratt – Charles Bostian & Jeremy Allmuti, Satellite Communications, John Willy & Sons  (Asia) Pvt. Ltd. 2004 
2.    Wilbur L. Pritchars Henri G.Suyder Hond Robert A.Nelson, Satellite Communication Systems Engineering, Pearson Education Ltd., Second edition 2003.
3.    M.Richharia : Satellite Communication Systems (Design Principles Macmillan Press Ltd. Second Edition 2003.

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