HTML <a> Tag | HTML Tutorial

Example

A link to  Source Code Solutions:
<a href="http://www.sourcecodesolutions.co.cc/">Visit Source Code Solutions!</a>

Definition and Usage

The <a> tag defines an anchor. An anchor can be used in two ways:
  1. To create a link to another document, by using the href attribute
  2. To create a bookmark inside a document, by using the name attribute
The a element is usually referred to as a link or a hyperlink.
The most important attribute of the a element is the href attribute, which indicates the link’s destination.
By default, links will appear as follows in all browsers:
  • An unvisited link is underlined and blue
  • A visited link is underlined and purple
  • An active link is underlined and red

Browser Support

Internet Explorer Firefox Opera Google Chrome Safari
The <a> tag is supported in all
major browsers.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Tips and Notes

Tip: Use CSS to style links!

Optional Attributes

  • DTD indicates in which HTML 4.01/XHTML 1.0 DTD the attribute is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset.
Attribute Value Description DTD
charset char_encoding Specifies the character-set of a linked document STF
coords coordinates Specifies the coordinates of a link STF
href URL Specifies the destination of a link STF
hreflang language_code Specifies the language of a linked document STF
name section_name Specifies the name of an anchor STF
rel text Specifies the relationship between the current document and the linked document STF
rev text Specifies the relationship between the linked document and the current document STF
shape default
rect
circle
poly
Specifies the shape of a link STF
target _blank
_parent
_self
_top
framename
Specifies where to open the linked document TF

Standard Attributes

  • The <a> tag supports the following standard attributes:
Attribute Value Description DTD
accesskey character Specifies a keyboard shortcut to access an element STF
class classname Specifies a classname for an element STF
dir rtl
ltr
Specifies the text direction for the content in an element STF
id id Specifies a unique id for an element STF
lang language_code Specifies a language code for the content in an element STF
style style_definition Specifies an inline style for an element STF
tabindex number Specifies the tab order of an element STF
title text Specifies extra information about an element STF
xml:lang language_code Specifies a language code for the content in an element, in XHTML documents STF

Event Attributes

  • The <a> tag supports the following event attributes:
Attribute Value Description DTD
onblur script Script to be run when an element loses focus STF
onclick script Script to be run on a mouse click STF
ondblclick script Script to be run on a mouse double-click STF
onfocus script Script to be run when an element gets focus STF
onmousedown script Script to be run when mouse button is pressed STF
onmousemove script Script to be run when mouse pointer moves STF
onmouseout script Script to be run when mouse pointer moves out of an element STF
onmouseover script Script to be run when mouse pointer moves over an element STF
onmouseup script Script to be run when mouse button is released STF
onkeydown script Script to be run when a key is pressed STF
onkeypress script Script to be run when a key is pressed and released STF
onkeyup script Script to be run when a key is released STF
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