HTML <area> Tag | HTML Tutorial

Example

An image-map, with clickable areas:
<img src ="planets.gif" width="145" height="126" alt="Planets" usemap ="#planetmap" />

<map name="planetmap">
  <area shape="rect" coords="0,0,82,126" href="sun.htm" alt="Sun" />
  <area shape="circle" coords="90,58,3" href="mercur.htm" alt="Mercury" />
  <area shape="circle" coords="124,58,8" href="venus.htm" alt="Venus" />
</map>

Definition and Usage

The <area> tag defines an area inside an image-map (an image-map is an image with clickable areas).
The area element is always nested inside a <map> tag.
Note: The usemap attribute in the <img> tag is associated with the map element's name attribute, and
creates a relationship between the image and the map.

Browser Support

Internet Explorer Firefox Opera Google Chrome Safari
The <area> tag is supported in all major browsers.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

In HTML the <area> tag has no end tag.
In XHTML the <area> tag must be properly closed.

Required Attributes

DTD indicates in which HTML 4.01/XHTML 1.0 DTD the attribute is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset.
Attribute Value Description DTD
alt text Specifies an alternate text for an area STF

Optional Attributes

Attribute Value Description DTD
coords coordinates Specifies the coordinates of an area STF
href URL Specifies the destination of a link in an area STF
nohref nohref Specifies that an area has no associated link STF
shape default
rect
circle
poly
Specifies the shape of an area STF
target _blank
_parent
_self
_top
Specifies where to open the linked page specified in the href attribute TF

Standard Attributes

The <area> tag supports the following standard attributes:
Attribute Value Description DTD
accesskey character Specifies a keyboard shortcut to access an element STF
class classname Specifies a classname for an element STF
dir rtl
ltr
Specifies the text direction for the content in an element STF
id id Specifies a unique id for an element STF
lang language_code Specifies a language code for the content in an element STF
style style_definition Specifies an inline style for an element STF
tabindex number Specifies the tab order of an element STF
title text Specifies extra information about an element STF
xml:lang language_code Specifies a language code for the content in an element, in XHTML documents STF

Event Attributes

The <area> tag supports the following event attributes:
Attribute Value Description DTD
onblur script Script to be run when an element loses focus STF
onclick script Script to be run on a mouse click STF
ondblclick script Script to be run on a mouse double-click STF
onfocus script Script to be run when an element gets focus STF
onmousedown script Script to be run when mouse button is pressed STF
onmousemove script Script to be run when mouse pointer moves STF
onmouseout script Script to be run when mouse pointer moves out of an element STF
onmouseover script Script to be run when mouse pointer moves over an element STF
onmouseup script Script to be run when mouse button is released STF
onkeydown script Script to be run when a key is pressed STF
onkeypress script Script to be run when a key is pressed and released STF
onkeyup script Script to be run when a key is released STF
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